Ranking of Death Tolls: The 66 most lethal conflicts after 1950

By Gunnar Heinsohn, University of Bremen, March 2007:

  1. 40,000,000 Red China 1949-1976, Killing and artificial hunger
  2. 4,000,000 Ethiopia 1962-1992, Communists, artificial hunger, genocides
  3. 3,800,000 Zaire (Congo-Kinshasa) 1967/68; 1977/78; 1992-1995; 1998-present
  4. 2,800,000 Korean war 1950-153
  5. 1,900,000 Sudan 1955-1972; 1983-2006 (civil wars, genocides)
  6. 1,870,000 Cambodia: Khmer Rouge 1975-1979; civil war 1978-1991
  7. 1,800,000 Vietnam War 1954-1975 (more than 90% Vietnamese, Allies)
  8. 1,800,000 Afghanistan, Soviet and internecine killings, Taliban 1980-2001
  9. 1,250,000 West-Pakistan massacres in East Pakistan (Bangladesh 1971)
  10. 1,100,000 Nigeria 1966-1979 (Biafra); 1993 – today
  11. 1.100.000 Mozambique 1964-70 (30.000) and after retreat of Portugal 1976-1992
  12. 1,000,000 Iran-Iraq-War 1980-1988
  13. 900,000 Rwanda genocide 1994
  14. 875,000 Algeria/France 1954-62 (675.000); Islamists/Government 1991-2006
  15. 850,000 Uganda 1971-1979; 1981-1985; 1994 – today
  16. 650,000 Indonesia/Marxists 1965/66 (450.000); East Timor, Papua, Aceh etc. 1969 ff.
  17. 580,000 Angola 1961-1972 (80.000); after Portugal’s retreat (1972-2002)
  18. 500,000 Brazil against its Indios up to 1999
  19. 430,000 Vietnam after war end in 1975 (own people; boat refugees)
  20. 400,000 France/Indochina 1945-1954
  21. 400,000 Burundi 1959-today (Tutsi/Hutu)
  22. 400,000 Somalia 1991-2007
  23. 400,000 North Korea up to 2006 (own people)
  24. 300,000 Kurds in Iraq, Iran, Turkey 1980s and 1990s
  25. 300,000 Iraq (Saddam against minorities)
  26. 240,000 Columbia 1946-1958; 1964-today
  27. 200,000 Tito Regime Yugoslavia (1944-1980)
  28. 200,000 Guatemala 1960-1996
  29. 190,000 Laos 1975-1990
  30. 175,000 Serbia-Bosnia-Herzegovina
  31. 150,000 Communist Romania 1949-1999 (own people)
  32. 150,000 Liberia 1989-1997
  33. 140,000 Russia against Chechnya 1994 to today
  34. 150,000 Lebanon (1975-1990)
  35. 140,000 Gulf War 1990-91 (Arabs from Iraq and Kuwait, Allies)
  36. 130,000 Philippines 1946-1954 (10.000); 1972-today (Islamo-Marxists)
  37. 130,000 Burma/Myanmar 1948-2006
  38. 100,000 North Yemen 1962-1970
  39. 100,000 Sierra Leone 1991-today
  40. 100,000 Albania 1945-91
  41. 80,000 Iran 1978-79
  42. 75,000 El Salvador 1975-1992
  43. 70,000 Eritrea/Ethiopia 1998-2000
  44. 68,000 Sri Lanka 1997-today
  45. 60,000 Zimbabwe 1966-1979; 1980-today
  46. 60,000 Nicaragua 1972-1991 (Marxists/natives etc.)
  47. 53,000 Arab wars against Israel 1948-2006 without Israel-Palestine-Conflict
  48. 50,000 Communist North Vietnam against own people 1954-1975
  49. 50,000 Tajikstan 1992-1996 (secularists against Islamists)
  50. 50,000 Equatorial Guinea (1969-79)
  51. 50,000 Peru (1980-2000)
  52. 50,000 Guinea 1958-84
  53. 40,000 Chad 1982-90)
  54. 30,000 Bulgaria 1948-1989 (Marxists against own people)
  55. 30,000 Rhodesia (1972-79)
  56. 30,000 Argentina Military Junta 1976-83
  57. 27,000 Hungary 1948-1989 (Marxists against own people)
  58. 26,000 Kashmir 1989-today (Islamists)
  59. 25,000 Jordan Arabs against Palestinian Arabs (Black September 1970-71)
  60. 22,000 Poland 1948-1989 (Marxists against own people)
  61. 20,000 Syria 1982 against Islamists in Hama
  62. 20,000 Chinese-Vietnamese war 1979
  63. 18,000 Congo (Republic) 1997-1999
  64. 19,000 Morocco/France (3000, 1953-1956) and against Western Sahara Arabs 1975-today
  65. 12,000 Israel-Palestine (4.792 from 1947-1987; 1.759 1st Intifada 1987-1991; 5.300; 2nd Intifada, Arabs (ca. 80%, some 500 by other Arabs), Jews (ca. 20%). [SUPPOSEDLY, MANKIND’S MOST DANGEROUS CONFLICT]
  66. 10,000 South Yemen civil war 1986

[All figures rounded; Brzezinski, Z., Out of Control: Global Turmoil on the Eve of the Twenty-first Century, 1993; Courtois, S., Le Livre Noir du Communism, 1997; Heinsohn, G., Lexikon der Völkermorde, 19992; G. Heinsohn, Söhne und Weltmacht, 2006, Rummel. R., Death by Government, 1994; Small, M., Singer, J.D., Resort to Arms : International and Civil Wars 1816-1980, 1982; White, M., Death Tolls for the Major Wars and Atrocities of the Twentieth Century, 2003.

See: http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/warstat2.htm or http://hnn.us/roundup/entries/43534.html]

Email: gheins@uni-bremen.de

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